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Redundant and lax eyelid skin and muscle is known as dermatochalasis. Dermatochalasis is a common finding seen in elderly persons and occasionally in young adults. Natural aging: gravity, loss of elastic tissue in the skin, and weakening of the connective tissues of the eyelid frequently contribute to this lax and redundant eyelid tissue. These findings are more common in the upper eyelids but can be seen in the lower eyelids as well.

In some cases, severe stress or trauma can accelerate the aging process, resulting in dermatochalasis at an earlier than normal age. Some systemic diseases also may predispose patients to develop dermatochalasis. These include thyroid eye disease, renal failure, trauma, cutis laxa, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, amyloidosis, hereditary angioneurotic edema, and xanthelasma. Genetic factors may play a role in some patients.

Dermatochalasis can be a functional or cosmetic problem for the patients. When functional, dermatochalasis frequently obstructs the superior visual field. In addition, patients may note ocular irritation, entropion of the upper eyelid, ectropion of the lower eyelid, blepharitis, and dermatitis. When cosmetic, patients note a fullness or heaviness of the upper eyelids, "bags" in the lower eyelids, and wrinkles in the lower eyelids and the lateral canthus.

Dermatochalasis can be separated into early and late phases. The early phase is divided further into hypertrophic and atrophic forms. The cause is probably a localized form of angioedema. Sequelae include conjunctival edema and injection, entropion, ectropion, steatoblepharon, ptosis, and excessively thin skin.

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Blepharochalasis syndrome is separate and distinct from dermatochalasis and is a rare disorder that typically affects the upper eyelids. Blepharochalasis syndrome is characterized by intermittent eyelid edema, which frequently recurs. This results in relaxation of the eyelid tissue and resultant atrophy. In approximately 50% of patients, it is unilateral. Blepharochalasis rarely can be associated with agenesis of the kidney, vertebral abnormalities, and congenital heart defects.

TREATMENT

In general, the treatment of dermatochalasis is surgical. The following medical treatments may be appropriate:
  • Dermatochalasis patients with blepharitis may benefit from lid hygiene and topical antibiotics.
  • Dermatochalasis patients with dermatitis may benefit from topical steroid ointment.
  • Dermatochalasis patients with dry eyes should be treated with the appropriate topical lubricant. In addition, placement of temporary collagen punctal plugs, permanent punctal plugs, or punctal cautery may be considered in patients with a history of dry eye or a physical examination consistent with dry eye. These measures may be used preoperatively to further evaluate the patient prior to embarking upon surgery.
Read more about upper eyelid surgery.

NEW ALTERNATIVE FOR SURGERY

Not all patients are good candidates for surgical treatment. In this case Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift might offer a alternative solution for ptosis caused by dermatochalasis or blepharochalasis.

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.

Lily has no effect on other symptoms or progression of any disease. Note: Results may vary depending on the nature, cause and severity of the ptosis and the way Lily is applied.

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Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors


Copyright©2012 LICW. All Rights Reserved. The information provided by LICW is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. All names, logos and servicemarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks.
 
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a condition where all the external eye muscles gradually become paralyzed. The cause is in the DNA. CPEO is a slowly progressing and rare disease that may affect those of all ages, but typically manifests in the young adult years. The first presenting symptom of ptosis is often unnoticed by the patient until the lids droop to the point of producing a visual field defect. Often, patients will tilt the head backwards to adjust for the ptosis of the lids. In addition, as the ptosis becomes more severe, the patients will use the frontalis (forehead) muscle to help elevate the lids. The ptosis is typically bilateral, but it may be unilateral for a period of months to years before the other lid becomes involved.

SYMPTOMS

First and most striking features are: the drooping upper eyelids of both eyes (with obstructed vision).

Other features include:
  • Impaired eye movements, making it increasingly difficult and necessary to move the head to see and follow. This progresses very slowly.
  • The hard squint of the eyes is difficult and possibly also other muscles of the face, neck, shoulders and limbs can become weaker.
There are very serious forms of CPEO:  Kearns Sayre Syndrome / KSS  & ocular pharyngeal dystrophy / OPMD / ocular pharyngeal muscular dystrophy

TREATMENT 

There is no treatment that can stop the progress of CPEO. There are a number of small studies that have indicated that administration of coenzyme Q10 may slow the process. However, some symptoms caused by CPEO be treated, such as ptosis.

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.

Lily has no effect on other symptoms or progression of any disease. Note: Results may vary depending on the nature, cause and severity of the ptosis and the way Lily is applied.

Follow us on  Twitter  and like us in Facebook for updates and click on the link below for more information!
Read more on our website 

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors


Copyright©2012 LICW. All Rights Reserved. The information provided by LICW is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. All names, logos and servicemarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks.
 
Carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid that is produced in the kidneys, brain and liver.  It transfers long-chain fatty acids into mitochondria for beta-oxidation, helps energy centers in the muscles and helps  maintain the health of nerves.  

Carnitine deficiency is an autosomal recessive genetic disease, but can also be caused by other diseases (secondary).There is a big variety causes and symptoms in severity and nature. There is a form where the shortage of carnitine occurs only in the muscles (myopathic form) and a form where it also occurs in other organs (systemic form). The myopathic form is very rare. The first symptoms of muscle weakness can occur in early childhood. It is a general weakness involving the proximal muscles (near the trunk) more affected than distal muscles (further away from the trunk). The facial muscles may be affected.Central to the treatment of all forms is the administration of carnitine to overcome the deficit and its consequences. 

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.

Lily has no effect on other symptoms or progression of any disease. Note: Results may vary depending on the nature, cause and severity of the ptosis and the way Lily is applied.

Follow us on  Twitter  and like us in Facebook for updates and click on the link below for more information!
Read more on our website 

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors


Copyright©2012 LICW. All Rights Reserved. The information provided by LICW is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. All names, logos and servicemarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks.
 
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Blepharophimosis Ptosis Epicanthus inversus Syndrome is a congenital and rare syndrome, where it may be necessary at a very young age to surgically correct the ptosis for the development of good eye sight and avoid a lazy eye and strabismus. 
Blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus syndrome, either with premature ovarian failure (BPES type I) or without (BPES type II), is caused by mutations in the FOXL2 gene. 

BPES eyelid abnormalities are:

  1. Blepharophimosis: Blepharo means eyelids and 'Phimosis' means closed opening. Blepharophimosis is a strong narrowing of the eyelids (narrowing between the inner and outer corner). In adults, the width of the lid 25 to 30 mm. In adults with BPES this distance is 20-22 mm
  2. Ptosis: both eyelids droop (symmetric) and can hardly be lifted;
  3. Epicanthus inversus: A condition in which a fold of skin that stretches from the lower eyelid upward and toward the nose partially covers the inner canthus. It is often associated with ptosis;
  4. Telecanthus: abnormally increased distance between the medial canthi of the eyelids. There is usually no visible sclera (white of the eye) between the corner and the iris.

Given the severity of the ptosis, the impact it may have of the development of vision and the eyes and the young age of patients with BPES, it is advisable to (only) rely on the advice given by a physician.
Read more about BPES  click here

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.

Lily has no effect on other symptoms or progression of any disease. Note: Results may vary depending on the nature, cause and severity of the ptosis and the way Lily is applied.

Follow us on  Twitter  and like us in Facebook for updates and click on the link below for more information!
Read more on our website 

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors


Copyright©2012 LICW. All Rights Reserved. The information provided by LICW is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. All names, logos and servicemarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks.
 
An upper eyelid blepharoplasty is presently one of the most commonly performed plastic surgeries and is considered a major part of what we call 'global facial rejuvenation'. It is said that almost everyone is in need of one for one reason or another.  

Most frequently an upper eyelid correction is designed to target heavy feeling eyelids, puffiness of the upper eyelids, sagging eyelids or droopiness of the eyelids (with or without an impairment of peripheral vision).  The surgeon removes mostly excess skin from the upper eyelids, but also, in some cases, small amounts of muscle and bulging fatty tissue. 

The objective usually is to look younger, refreshed and more alert. Discuss your expectations with your surgeon to see if they are realistic.


Study shows that patients with eyelid surgeries are perceived up to 8,5 years younger (best result of all facial rejuvenation procedures

Keep in mind blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure whose results cannot simply be erased

All eyes are different. The Caucasian eye is different from the Asian or the African eye and all need a specific approach. There are over 100 different possible procedures for eyelid surgery. It is very important to go to an experienced and skilled doctor to avoid disappointing results and minimize the risk of complications and retouch surgeries. Even the best surgeon can not give a 100% guarantee. Invest in research about the doctor, procedure, patient satisfaction - results, risks, costs, possibilities for reimbursement and if you are a good candidate for this type of surgery upfront.

CONTRA INDICATIONS

Not every patient is a candidate for blepharoplasty. The ideal candidate for an upper blepharoplasty is at least 18 years old and is physically healthy, emotionally stabile and well-informed about the procedure, risks and expectations of an upper eyelid blepharoplasty or surgery in general. 

Contraindications to blepharoplasty include severe comorbid conditions (eg, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, wound healing disorder, excessive scarring, excessive cigarette smoking; pregnancy; a history of thromboembolic disease (relative). Other conditions such as myasthenia gravis, active thyroid disease, glaucoma or unilateral blindness may also be contraindications. Patients with severe dry eye syndrome should not undergo blepharoplasty as it can cause drying of the cornea. Patients with bulging eyes often have problems following lower lid surgery and may have a hollowed-out postoperative appearance or functional problems following their blepharoplasty.

RISKS

Every surgical procedure involves a certain amount of risk, and it is important that you understand the risks involved.  An individual’s choice to undergo a surgical procedure is based on the comparison of the risk to potential benefit.  Although the majority of patients do not experience these complications, you should discuss each of them with your plastic surgeon to make sure you understand the risks, potential complications, and consequences of blepharoplasty surgery.
10% of all ocular (eye) surgeries lead to ptosis (drooping hanging upper eyelid)
Bleeding – It is possible, though unusual, that you can have a bleeding episode during or after surgery.  Bleeding may occur under the skin or internally around the eyeball.  Should post-operative bleeding occur, it may require emergency treatment or surgery.  Do not take any aspirin or anti-inflammatory medication for ten days before surgery, as this may contribute to a greater risk of bleeding.  Non-prescription “herbs” and dietary supplements can increase the risk of surgical bleeding.  Hypertension (high blood pressure) that is not under good medical control may cause bleeding during or after surgery.  Accumulated blood under the eyelids may delay healing and cause scarring.
Blindness – Blindness is extremely rare after blepharoplasty.  However, it can be caused by internal bleeding around the eye during or after surgery.  The occurrence of this is not predictable.
Infection – Infection is unusual after surgery.  Should an infection occur, additional treatment including antibiotics or additional surgery may be necessary.
Scarring – All surgery leaves scars, some more visible that others.  Although good wound healing after a surgical procedure is expected, abnormal scars may occur both within the eyelid and the deeper tissues.  Scars may be unattractive and of different color than the surrounding skin.  There is the possibility of visible marks in the eyelid or small cysts from sutures.  Additional treatments may be needed to treat scarring.
Damage to deeper structures – Deeper structures such as nerves, blood vessels and eye muscles may be damaged during the course of surgery.  The potential for this to occur varies according to the type of blepharoplasty surgery is being performed.  Injury to deeper structures may be temporary or permanent.
Dry eye problems – Permanent disorders involving decreased tear production can occur after blepharoplasty.  The occurrence of this is rare and not entirely predictable.  Individuals who normally have dry eyes may be advised to use special caution in considering blepharoplasty surgery.
Asymmetry – The human face and eyelid region is normally asymmetrical.  There can be a variation from one side to the other following a blepharoplasty.
Chronic pain – Chronic pain may occur very infrequently after blepharoplasty.
Skin disorders/skin cancer – A blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure to tighten loose skin and deeper structures of the eyelid.  Skin disorders and skin cancer may occur independently of eyelid surgery.
Ectopion – Displacement of the lower eyelid away from the eyeball is a rare complication.  Further surgery may be required to correct this condition.
Corneal exposure problems – Some patients experience difficulties closing their eyelids after surgery and problems may occur in the cornea due to dryness.  Should this rare complication occur, additional treatments or surgery may be necessary.
Unsatisfactory results – There is a possibility of a poor result from eyelid surgery.  Surgery may result in unacceptable visible deformities, loss of function, wound disruption and loss of sensation.  You may be disappointed with the results of surgery.  Infrequently, it is necessary to perform additional surgery to improve results.  Additional surgical procedures such as a brow lift may be needed to correct eyebrow sagging which contributes to upper eyelid problems.
Allergic reactions – In rare cases, local allergies to tape, suture material or topical preparations have been reported.  Systemic reactions which are more serious may occur to drugs used during surgery and prescription medicines.  Allergic reactions may require additional treatment.
Eyelash hair loss – Hair loss may occur in the lower eyelash area where the skin was elevated during surgery.  The occurrence of this is not predictable.  Hair loss may be temporary or permanent. 
Delayed healing – Wound disruption or delayed wound healing is possible. 

Smokers have a greater risk of skin loss and wound healing complications.

Long term effects – Subsequent alterations to eyelid appearance may occur as the result of aging, weight loss or gain, sun exposure or other circumstances not related to eyelid surgery.  Blepharoplasty surgery does not arrest the aging process or produce permanent tightening of the eyelid region.  Future surgery or treatments may be necessary to maintain the results of the blepharoplasty.

Surgical anesthesia – Both local and general anesthesia involve risk.  There is the possibility of complications, injury and even death from all forms of surgical anesthesia or sedation.

RECOVERY

After surgery, your upper eyelids will be taped and sutured for 5-7 days.  In most cases you will feel your eyes to be swollen, red and bruised for up to a week.  For the first few days after the surgery, heavy reading and computer work may be uncomfortable due to swelling and therefore should be avoided.  Vision bluriness may also be present.  There are no other restrictions for light activities.  Most patients look their worst on the second or third day after surgery, with a marked improvement over the next couple of days.  Contact lenses can be resumed after 1 week.

Normal recovery time with return to work and full activity is about 10 days.  Heavy strenuous activity, especially involving straining and bending over should be avoided for several weeks.  Bruising above the eyes may remain for up to 2 weeks and can be camouflaged with a make-up concealer.

COSTS

The costs of the upper eyelid surgery vary, and are approximately 1500 - 2000 USD depending on type of procedure (there are over a 100), anesthetic, facility, etcetera. You need to take in to consideration that there can be additional costs for retouch (approximately in 5% - 10% of all cases) or costs associated with the procedure you are not aware of. Have an upfront discussion with your plastic surgeon about possible additional costs.

ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift offers the best alternative treatment for upper eyelid surgery, when you:
  • can not afford upper eyelid surgery because it is not reimbursed by your health insurance
  • you are not a good candidate for surgery (see contra indications)
  • your upper eyelid droop is minimal and not severe enough to undergo surgical treatment
  • you don't want upper eyelid surgery, but would like to rejuvenate or correct the eyes
  • you need a temporary lift of the upper eyelid, for example after botulinum toxine injections or during migraines and headaches, or just look refreshed on pictures, during parties and special occasions

Of course Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift can be used in case you are considering upper eyelid surgery and would like to see how you would look like when your upper eyelids are lifted and what this cosmetic procedure can do for you!  Just try it! 

HOW IT WORKS

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift works for almost everybody: all ages, genders, eye shapes, skin tones and does not affect the cause of the hanging eyelid, or progress of an underlying 
disease.

The costs are 29,95 euro for a full month supply and every day use. Lily comes in a beautiful box, containing 64 lifting strips, nourishing gel 3gr / 0,11 oz, protective travel case, and easy application instructions we have available in several languages.

Follow us on  Twitter  and like us in Facebook for updates and click on the link below for more information!
Read more on our website 

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors

 
To make the application of make-up easy, great tools like brushes are necessary. There are so many brands, qualities, shapes, seizes and purposes that this can be quite confusing. Here is all you need to know about brushes.
BRISTLES
Natural fibers used to make the bristles have different grades of quality.  A professional makeup brush will be made from the highest grade.  These quality fibers will be much softer than a lower grade fiber.  A higher grade natural fiber should also make the brush last longer and maintain its shape better over time.  Most professional grade makeup brushes will be made of natural fibers, with only a select few made from synthetic fibers.  Makeup artists tend to find that natural fibers do a better job of holding just the right amount of product and smoothly blending it for a flawless application.  Synthetic fibers have become more popular with consumers and as a result their are now high quality brushes made with synthetic fibers that mimic the look, feel and performance of natural fiber brushes.

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GOAT / CAPRA

Goat hair is the most common fiber used for makeup brushes. The bristles are not quite as soft as squirrel and some of the other natural fibers, but they are good at holding large amounts of powder. Goat hair is a good choice for blush, bronzer and face powder brushes because you’ll get an even application and the makeup won’t get trapped in the brush. The softest goat hair is known as capra, or the first-cut with the tips still intact. 

MINK OR KOLINSKI
Kolinsky makeup brushes have the best porosity for application of the most intense, truest form of color. Kolinsky, sometimes referred to as kolinsky sable, is not  from a sable at all, but comes from the tail of a species of mink that is a member of the weasel family found in Siberia and northeastern China. It is generally conceded to be the best material for precise layering of color, especially for creation of specific gradations due to its strength, spring and ability to retain its shape ("snap").  It holds a very fine point or edge for precise application that is favored by professional makeup artists around the world.  This is considered a professional grade of hair, and if properly cared for, Kolinsky will last for many years.

BADGER
Stiff enough to define and shape, thin enough to fill in sparse brows.  Badger bristles provide the coarseness necessary for firm brow feathering and a more natural-looking eyebrow pencil application.  Badger hair is an age-old tradition. It comes from various parts of the world and is more readily available than most animal hair, although the quality varies greatly. Badger hair is thickest at the point, and relatively thin at the root, so it has a distinctive bushy appearance.

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SABLE OR WEASEL

Sable hair is soft and fine and makeup brushes made of this hair typically have pointy tips. The pointy shape and softness of sable hair makes it an ideal choice for eyeshadow and eyeliners. As with most natural fibers, the powder is easily transferred to your skin and doesn’t get left behind on the makeup brush. Red Sable is obtained from any member of the weasel family with "red" hair, not at all from the animal known as the sable. It is found in a variety of brush styles for many varied mediums, with quality and characteristics varying greatly. A good quality pure red sable makeup brush is an alternative to the more expensive Kolinsky, with slightly similar performance and durability. Often, weasel hair is blended with ox hair to make a more economical brush, but the fine point is sacrificed.


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PONY HAIR

Pony Hair is soft but strong, from mature animals at least two years of age. It is primarily used for blush or eye brushes.  The wonderful bristle strength and strong snap makes the bristle prefect for contouring.   The versatile bristles can s create a variety of different captivating looks.  Dampen the brush to provide opaque coverage or use dry to create a light wash of color or a soft, foiled effect  The versatile bristles give the flexibility to achieve dramatic matte color or a soft, smoky look. Pony makeup brushes are often blended with other hairs such as goat. 

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SQUIRREL HAIR


The softest, gray or blue squirrel (Talayoutky), provides a soft, natural wash of color.   Native to Russia and nearly always in short supply. Brown squirrel (Kazan) is more readily available, and is used mainly for medium quality makeup brushes. A very fine, thin hair, taken from squirrel tails, it points well, but has very little "snap" because the hair is not very resilient. It works best for contouring and blending shadows to perfection.   Perfect for detailing and for using in the crease. It gives more definition because of the compact head.


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SYNTHETIC 

These brushes are less absorbent than natural hair fibers. Because they are less absorbent, synthetic brushes are typically used for applying liquid-based products. Synthetic brushes typically do not last as long as natural fiber brushes.
Synthetics are man-made of either nylon or polyester filaments. They can be tapered, tipped, flagged, abraded or etched to increase color carrying ability. Often, synthetic filaments are dyed and baked to make them softer and more absorbent. The common filament are taklon and nylon. Advantages of synthetic brushes are: 
1: They are less prone to damage from makeup and solvents. 
2: They are easier to keep clean than natural hair brushes because the filaments don't trap or absorb pigment. 
3. They dry faster than natural fibers after cleaning
4: They are better suited for for soft layering of powder color or cream color and concealer.

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DUO FIBRE MIX OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC HAIR

A mix of natural and synthetic fibers is typically referred to as duo fiber brushes. This mix of fibers increases the durability, stiffness and liquid handling ability of the makeup brush. One common type of duo fiber brush is a stippling brush, which is very popular with people who want an airbrushed quality application of their liquid foundation.


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3 TONE SYNTHETIC HAIR

HANDLES
The majority of makeup brushes sold today have a wood handle.  However, some may have a plastic or composite handle.  While there are certain types of wood that can make brushes more ecologically friendly, in general the type of wood that is used won’t significantly affect the quality of the brush.  The type of handle is more of a personal preference.  Handles can come in any shape, color and style, so it is the one component of the brush where a person can express her personal style.  A professional makeup brush will tend to have a long handle because makeup artists find a long handle to be easier to use with clients.  However, brush lengths can vary and this too tends to be a personal preference.
FERRULES
The ferrule is the piece of material that connects the brush handle to the bristles.  A professional makeup brush will have a nickel or aluminum ferrule.  Nickel is considered the highest quality ferrule material and aluminum can be a good alternative.  A makeup brush should be cleaned on a regular basis and because of this wear and tear on the brush, a quality ferrule is one of the most important components of a makeup brush.  A quality ferrule will maintain a tight fit between the bristles and handle; it will prevent the bristles from shedding and it won’t tarnish or rust.
EYE BRUSHES

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FLAT STIFF BRUSH

This brush is used to apply eyeshadow or pigments to the eyelid. The brush should be dense and soft in order to shade and blend the eyeshadow. It can be used to build intense color in the eyelid, thus perfect smoky eye, for feathering in darker eyeshadows, and for applying more color to the crease.  

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STIFF DOME BRUSH
This brush is just like the stiff dome brush but much softer- it creates a much softer blended look.   It is used for blending shadow under the brow, applying a softer amount of color in the crease, and even for applying powder under the eyes to prevent that creasing throughout the day.

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SOFT DOME BRUSH OR TAPERED BLENDING BRUSH

 Similar to the stiff dome brush but allows for a more controlled eye shadow application. Creates a softer blended look. Great to blend the shadow under the brow and applying a softer amount of color in the crease.

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STENCIL BRUSH 219

This brush is used for smudging eyeshadow under the lower lashline, for smudging eyeliner, or for creating a very defined crease.  The smaller tip allows for more precise lines.

FACE BRUSHES

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STIPPLING BRUSH

has many uses. You can use a brush like this to apply foundation, creams, and powder products. A stippling brush makes is easier to apply liquid foundation with a more airbrushed finish. The bristles need to be stiff in order to hold up to the foundation and not streak.

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CONTOUR BRUSH

This brush should be soft to smoothly blend color into the face and is used for applying darker powder under the cheekbones to create a contoured effect- it makes the cheekbones stand out and your face look slimmer.  This brush isn’t absolutely necessary unless you want to contour your cheekbones.

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LARGE ANGLED BLUSH BRUSH


This brush is used for applying powder blush to the cheeks.  It needs to be angled so the blush is easier to blend, and it needs to be soft so it doesn’t pick up too much color.

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HIGHLIGHTER BRUSH OR SMALL DUO FIBRE BRUSH

This brush can be used for many things- light application of foundation, applying a small amount of blush to the cheeks, or for highlighting the top of the cheekbones.  Common favorite use is for highlighting as the bristles are soft and pick up little color, and it is small enough to not cover the whole face with shimmer.  It is nice to have, but not necessary.

KABUKI BRUSH

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KABUKI BRUSH

Kabuki brushes are a must-have tool for anyone's makeup kit. If you wear blush or bronzer, owning a soft kabuki brush will make application easy and even. Keeping these makeup brushes clean will also help you apply less makeup, while giving you the coverage you need. Whether you are a professional makeup artist, a fashionista, or just someone who likes to experiment with new makeup techniques, adding a kabuki brush to your makeup brush collection is a great idea. 

This one is from NARS

CONCEALER BRUSH

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This brush is used to apply and blend all concealers. Using a concealer brush will give you more coverage. Great for covering spots, pimples, or any other imperfections.

EYEBROW BRUSHES

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BROW DEFINER BRUSH
This is a synthetic, flat angled brush designed specifically for flawless application of brow definer.
  • Fine tip precisely delivers pigment
  • Places each brow hair in its rightful place
  • Use the tip to fill in small holes and sparse areas

This one is from Laura Mercier

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DOUBLE ENDED EYEBROW BROSH

Double-Ended Eye Brow Brush is perfect for precisely shaping and filling in larger areas on eye brows.
  • Small pointed bristles on one end are ideal more precise work
  • Stiff, angled bristles on the other end fill in larger areas
  • Ideal for use, wet or dry, with brow powder 

This one is from Laura Mercier

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BROW GROOMING BRUSH
Is a synthetic fiber brush with stiff bristles in a "mascara spool" that maintains well-groomed brows throughout the day.
  • The "mascara spool" shape provide the ideal stiffness to brush brow hairs in place
  • Grooms even the curliest, most unruly brows

This one is from Laura Mercier

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CLEAR EYEBROW GEL

Is used to keep eyebrow hair in place. You can use eyebrow gel to shape your eyebrows and direct the hairs in particular direction. Eyebrow gel comes in small glass or plastic bottle with an attached brush, similar to mascara. The attached brush can also work as a small comb; it's designed for grooming the eyebrows. Clear eyebrow gel can be used for a natural, everyday look. 

This one is from ELF

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SHU UEMURA LASH CURLER

Handheld crimpers used to curl the upper eyelashes. The better eyelash curlers won’t pinch as they curl your lashes. Always curl your lashes when they’re dry and clean. Curling lashes with mascara on them may leave you with broken lashes.


This one is from Shu Uemura

LIP BRUSH
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LIP BRUSH

Provides more control and precise lipstick application than a tube. Like concealer brushes, lip brushes have a firm, thin tip. For on-the-go lipstick application, look for a covered lip brush, which comes with a cover to protect the brush head while you're traveling.

OTHER USEFUL MAKE UP TOOLS

ROUND AND WEDGE SPONGES: are handy for blending and smoothing out makeup lines on the face and around the eyes.

COTTON PADS, TISSUES AND Q-TIPS:  to remove excess makeup around the eyes or lips.

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LILY LEADING INSTANT EYE LIFT:  

The ultra thin and clear medical grade strips placed on the upper eyelid are suitable for everybody with drooping, sagging, or hooded eyes and give an immediate lift of the upper eyelid. Lily is a great tool to create a visible crease in case the crease is not showing, because it is covered by upper eyelid skin (hooded eyes). Lily can also be used to shape and brighten the eyes. Lily is a must have for every make up artist to boost their clients eye make up or makeover even more dramatically. The results are amazing! Read more about Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift.

HOW TO CLEAN BRUSHES

Cleaning makeup brushes is a necessity. Each time you use a makeup brush, it picks up both makeup and any natural oils on your face, as well as any other products that are on your face. Then there is the dust in the air that just lands on a resting brush. Bacteria can make a home in dirty makeup brushes, so this buildup must be removed on a regular basis. Regularly cleaning makeup brushes extends their useful life. 

Here's how to clean makeup brushes correctly (one a month or every 2 weeks):

  1. Remove excess color from bristles by wiping them back and forth on a paper towel.
  2. Immerse bristles in a warm bowl of water, being careful not to immerse the metal casing, known as the "ferrule." Bristles are glued to the base and you want to avoid getting the glue wet. You can also wet bristles by running them under warm water just enough to get dampen the bristles.
  3. Squeeze a few drops of mild shampoo (baby shampoo works great, too) into the palm of your hand. Swirl the brush into your palm, being careful not to rough up the bristles too much. You can also put a few drops of detergent in the bowl of water and swirl the brushes in there instead of using the palm of your hand.
  4. Hold the brush, bristles down, under running water until the water runs clear.
  5. Gently squeeze out excess water. Reshape bristles and let the brushes dry hanging over the edge of your sink overnight. You can also place them on a towel, but I find air drying over the sink works best because it doesn't mess up the shape of the bristles.

Natural brushes take about 24 hours to dry. For a quick fix, or while traveling, you can wash brushes with wet (antiseptic) wipes or spritz bristles with makeup remover and wipe off on a paper towel.

There are fast ways to clean your brushes you might consider doing regularly:
Sable Brushes
  1. Mix lukewarm water with a small drop of your chosen cleanser and swish it. Swish your brush through the foamy water and then dump the water out. Keep making a new mix and swishing the brush through it until the water no longer gets discolored.
  2. Rinse the brush gently under softly flowing water. It is also OK to swish the brush through plain water in a separate cup.
  3. If the brush is really thick, squeeze hard between a folded lint-free cloth.
Nylon Brushes
  1. Wet the brush and take a dollop of your chosen cleanser and gently work your cleanser into the bristles with your fingers. Do not rub up the shaft of the bristles, either go down repeatedly or gently rub from side to side.
  2. Rinse under softly flowing water.
  3. If the nylon brush is thick, it is OK to squeeze it between the folds of a lint-free cloth.

Tips
  • If you don't know what sort of brush you have, poke the brush into a small drop of water. Nylon brushes do not absorb very well, which is why they're preferred for liquid makeup. A sable brush will pick the water right up.
  • If it's possible, brushes love to be hung up so bristles point to the floor.
  • If you are in a hurry, makeup remover wipes can be used as a quick way to clean brushes, but the wipes will not work as well as a good washing.
Warnings
  • Never set a wet brush upright on its handle!
  • Do not use heat on your brushes! Let them dry at their own pace.
HOW TO CLEAN OTHER MAKE-UP TOOLS

MAKE-UP SPONGES

High quality sponges can be washed many times in a solution of baby shampoo (mild shampoo or Ivory soap works too) and water. Cheap disposable sponges can be washed a few times as well before they fall apart.

EYELASH CURLERS

Eyelash curlers come with rubber pads that will last quite a long time before they fall apart and need to be replaced. Typically curlers come with replacement pads, but you can usually pick them up from any drugstore or beauty supply store.

POWDER PUFFS

You can handwash it using mild shampoo and warm water. Let powder puff dry on a towel overnight after squeezing out excess water. Makeup artist Bobbi Brown also suggests throwing the powder puff in the top rack of a dishwasher.

HOW TO STORE BRUSHES

It's best to store makeup brushes upright in a holder or in a makeup case . For travel use a brush roll, which is a folding bag with slots for each brush. It rolls up like a sleeping bag. Never place brushes bristles down in a holder or you risk damaging the shape of the brush and the bristles themselves.

INSTRUCTIONS
    • Buy a set of brushes and use the roll-up storage bag that comes with them. You can also buy these storage bags at most beauty supply stores, drugstores and cosmetics counters. Look for a roll-up bag with separate compartments for each brush.

    • Save money by using one of those bags you get free with makeup purchases. Make sure to keep the area completely clean or you run the risk of harboring bacteria. Be sure to keep brushes used for liquid makeup away from powder brushes.

    • Hit one of those container or storage stores and pick up a clear plastic or glass jar. Look for a holder with at least three separate sections so you can sort your brushes by size and function.

    • Store makeup brushes out of direct sunlight. Don't set them on the ledge in the bathroom if it's next to a window. Natural and synthetic fibers wear down over time when exposed to direct sunlight. Avoid heat as well. If your brushes have any leftover product on them, heat may cause them to cake up.

    • Store extra brushes in a clean, clear plastic bag. When you buy cosmetics that come with brushes, hang onto them. You can pack them up and use them when you travel or carry them in your purse.

    • Cover portable makeup brushes and store them in a clean, empty pocket in your purse. Unprotected brushes are germ and dirt magnets, especially if they're used to apply liquid makeup or lipstick.

    • Remove brushes from storage every 3 weeks and give them a thorough cleaning. Use a gentle baby shampoo or your facial cleanser. Pat them dry and leave them out on a clean, dry washcloth overnight.

    • Pick up stackable containers, bins or baskets and organize the rest of your makeup. Keep lipsticks, eyeliners and eye shadows away from other makeup brushes so they don't stain them.
Tips & Warnings
  • Tap your powder brushes on the counter or a hard surface before you store them. This helps to prevent excess powder and dust from building up.
Follow us on  Twitter  and like us in Facebook for updates and click on the link below for more information!

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors
 
Small eyes:
The softer the brow, the bigger the eyes will appear. Pair a soft shade to your brows and lash lines. Smudge a deeper shadow along you’re the top of your lash line and finish with mascara in black / brown.
Close set eyes:
Widen the space between the brows a little by plucking, and extend the pencil line at the ends.
Wide set eyes:
Pencil your eyebrows a little closer to the nose, and do not extend them out at the end.
Bulging eyes:
Tweeze out any hairs that grow down too far over your eyes and raise brows from below. 


Color rules eyebrows


If you lighten your hair two shades or more then adapt your eyebrows too within two shades of your new color.
Blondes’ brows are best in a light-brown pencil.
Redheads’ brows look hot in an auburn pencil during the day, and darker brown for the night.
Brunettes’ brows smolder in deep brown tones; black is best after dark.
Eyebrows too dark? Stroke a concealer pencil over them, followed by translucent powder. This will lighten the brows without really changing the color.
Eyebrows too light? Have them tinted in a darker shade. This will frame your eyes and if you are not good with makeup, this will look most natural. Have it done approximately every six weeks. If you are confident to do it yourself, you can purchase tinting kits at beauty supply stores.

For an even more dramatic look, to open and lift your eyes you may try Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift

Lily is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors
 
The eyes are the first noticed feature in your face. When they don't look good, you don't look good. We have some great news for you. Here is how to look up to 8,5 years younger through an non surgical, immediate phenomenal upper eye lift with amazing results!
Research  shows that an eye lift has the highest impact of all cosmetic procedures in terms of facial rejuvenation. The eye lift makes people look up to 8,5 years younger!
10% of all ocular (eye) surgeries cause ptosis (droopy, sagging, hanging eyelids

While blepharoplasty or upper eyelid surgery can be very effective, it is not always the best solution to rejuvenate or correct droopy, sagging or hooded eyes. You may not be a suitable candidate, it is expensive, every surgery has some risks or you simply don't  have the time for a recovery period. Maybe your eyelids are hanging just a little - not not severe enough to turn to drastic measures like upper eyelid surgery.
Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is the best alternative for upper eyelid surgery. Lily rejuvenates and corrects your eyes within seconds without downtime, risks and for only 29,95 euro! The results are sensational!
the easiest do - it - yourself eye lift

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift

lifts, shapes and brightens 
your eyes in seconds with a guaranteed 
all day rejuvenated natural look 
without surgery
easy, safe, comfortable and discreet  
HOW IT WORKS

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects, surgery and down time in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift works for almost everybody: all ages, genders, eye shapes and skin tones!
The left eye is hooded and the skin hanging on the eyelashes. The crease is not visible anymore. The eye looks small, heavy and tired. On the right you can see the lifted skin with a visible crease and brightened opened eye, giving a rejuvenated an healthy look
Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is NOW available!

Follow us on  Twitter  and like us in Facebook for updates and click on the link below for more information!


BUY NOW


Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty

Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors
 
Why are there concerns related to the use of parabens? 
When used in cosmetics parabens can, to some extent, infiltrate the skin and there is evidence that they can be present in human tissue. Through research on animals parabens have been found to cause low levels of oestrogen activity, where the substances have been linked to breast cancer. A direct link between breast cancer and parabens has never been proven though. There are many parabens and there is a significant difference between them in terms of safety. Unfortunately, in spite of long term use, there has been relatively little research carried out into the possible negative effects.

What are parabens? 
Parabens are the most widely used preservatives in cosmetic products. Chemically, parabens are esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. The most common parabens used in cosmetic products are methylparaben, propylparaben, and butylparaben. Typically, more than one paraben is used in a product, and they are often used in combination with other types of preservatives to provide preservation against a broad range of microorganisms. The use of mixtures of parabens allows the use of lower levels while increasing preservative activity.
many cosmetic products contain parabens in very small quantaties
Why are preservatives used in cosmetics? 
Preservatives may be used in cosmetics to protect them against microbial growth, both to protect consumers and to maintain product integrity.

What kinds of products contain parabens?
They are used in a wide variety of cosmetics, as well as foods and drugs. Cosmetics that may contain parabens include makeup, moisturizers, hair care products, and shaving products, among others. Most major brands of deodorants and antiperspirants do not currently contain parabens.

How can I find out if my products contain parabens?
Cosmetics sold on a retail basis to consumers are required by law to declare ingredients on the label. This is important information for consumers who want to determine whether a product contains an ingredient they wish to avoid. Parabens are usually easy to identify by name, such as methylparaben, propylparaben, butylparaben, or benzylparaben.
Do parabens increase the risk of allergies?
In comparison to other preservatives the risk of skin irritation or a cosmetic allergy is low (‘allergic contact dermatitis caused by 2 parabens: 2 case reports and a review’- American journal of contact dermatitis – 2000). In terms of allergic reactions parabens are regarded as safer than many later alternatives (‘Claims in cosmetics’ Hypo-allergic and dermatologically tested products – Prof. An Goossens). People can just as likely react to ‘natural’ preservatives, such as rosemary extract or tea tree oil, as to parabens in beauty products (‘contact dermatitis to cosmetics, fragrances and botanicals’- dermatologic therapy – 2004).
rosemary extract can cause allergies
 In association with a relatively high chance of skin problems it is in any case sensible to avoid using products which contain the preservatives Methylchloroisothiazolinone, methylisothiazolinone and quartenium-15.

How is the use of preservatives in cosmetics regulated? 
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) does not authorize FDA to approve cosmetic ingredients, with the exception of color additives that are not coal-tar hair dyes. In general, cosmetic manufacturers may use any ingredient they choose, except for a few ingredients that are prohibited by regulation. However, it is against the law to market a cosmetic in interstate commerce if it is adulterated. Under the FD&C Act, a cosmetic is adulterated if, among other reasons, it bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious under the labeled conditions of use, or under customary or usual conditions of use. For more on this subject, see FDA Authority Over Cosmetics and Key Legal Concepts: "Interstate Commerce," "Adulterated," and "Misbranded."
Health risks associated with the use of parabens in cosmetics
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) reviewed the safety of methylparaben, propylparaben, and butylparaben in 1984 and concluded they were safe for use in cosmetic products at levels up to 25%. Typically parabens are used at levels ranging from 0.01 to 0.3%.
CIR assessed the safety of parabens
On November 14, 2003, the CIR began the process to reopen the safety assessments of methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben, and butylparaben in order to offer interested parties an opportunity to submit new data for consideration. In September 2005, the CIR decided to re-open the safety assessment for parabens to request exposure estimates and a risk assessment for cosmetic uses. In December 2005, after considering the margins of safety for exposure to women and infants, the Panel determined that there was no need to change its original conclusion that parabens are safe as used in cosmetics. (The CIR is an industry-sponsored organization that reviews cosmetic ingredient safety and publishes its results in open, peer-reviewed literature. FDA participates in the CIR in a non-voting capacity.)
study found parabens in breast tumors
A study published in 2004 (Darbre, in the Journal of Applied Toxicology) detected parabens in breast tumors. The study also discussed this information in the context of the weak estrogen-like properties of parabens and the influence of estrogen on breast cancer. However, the study left several questions unanswered. For example, the study did not show that parabens cause cancer, or that they are harmful in any way, and the study did not look at possible paraben levels in normal tissue.
FDA is aware that estrogenic activity in the body is associated with certain forms of breast cancer. Although parabens can act similarly to estrogen, they have been shown to have much less estrogenic activity than the body’s naturally occurring estrogen. For example, a 1998 study (Routledge et al., in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology) found that the most potent paraben tested in the study, butylparaben, showed from 10,000- to 100,000-fold less activity than naturally occurring estradiol (a form of estrogen). Further, parabens are used at very low levels in cosmetics. In a review of the estrogenic activity of parabens, (Golden et al., in Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 2005) the author concluded that based on maximum daily exposure estimates, it was implausible that parabens could increase the risk associated with exposure to estrogenic chemicals.

Conclusion FDA:
QUOTE: "FDA believes that at the present time there is no reason for consumers to be concerned about the use of cosmetics containing parabens. However, the agency will continue to evaluate new data in this area. If FDA determines that a health hazard exists, the agency will advise the industry and the public, and will consider its legal options under the authority of the FD&C Act in protecting the health and welfare of consumers."

What does the EU Scientific Committee of Consumer Products say about the use of parabens in underarm products in relation to cancer:
QUOTE: Taking into consideration the answer to the question 2.2 and viewing the fact that the estrogenic potential of parabens has been found to be very low, it is the opinion of the SCCP that, in the light of the present knowledge, there is no evidence of demonstrable risk for the development of breast cancer caused by the use of paraben-containing underarm cosmetics. (read full article below)

Conclusion:
Parabens are widely used preservatives necessary to keep cosmetics free from bacteria en funghi. Natural alternatives (if there are any) are not necessary more healthy. There is no real scientific evidence to support that parabens increase the risk of cancer or other health risks. Most experts don’t give a conclusive advice to use products with – or without parabens and leave it up to the consumer to decide. Some dermatologists (Dr. Leslie Baumann) say that without parabens the risks of contaminated products would be high and could be a potential health risk.

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift  does not contain parabens.

Lily is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
Developed and recommended by leading medical doctors

Copyright©2012 LICW. All Rights Reserved. The information provided by LICW is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. All names, logos and service marks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks.

References:Wikipedia,FDA,EU Scientific Committee of Consumer Products,Dr. Jetske Ultee
 
watch this video to learn more 
Michael Calderone's migraine headaches have been so crushing that life his life would just stop.

"I would come home in the summer after working and go pass out in a dark room with a headache so bad I would lose the rest of the day," said Calderone (52-year-old) . "I was totally dysfunctional until I passed out." The headaches only got worse as he grew older.
"If it hit in the morning, I would lose a whole day and the next day until it would cycle down," he said. "No bright lights, no stress, no activity at all -- just not to agitate your head so it would not get worse."
 That was until he met Dr. Bahman Guyuron, chair of the department of plastic and reconstructive surgery at University Hospitals Case Medical Center. Guyuron had pioneered a surgical technique that he had discovered by accident while doing cosmetic surgery on women.

In July 2008, Guyuron gave Calderone a forehead lift, freeing entrapped nerves behind his eyes that had caused chronic and excruciating pain on the left side of his face.
And today, the migraines are gone. "At one point I was getting them every day --- I was incapacitated," said Calderone. "Now, I feel like I have my life back."

According to the Migraine Research Foundation, an estimated 36 million Americans -- about 10 percent of the population, suffer from migraines. They are not just headaches, but an array of neurological symptoms that can include throbbing head pain, nausea and visual disturbances. Migraine ranks in the top 20 of the most disabling medical conditions. 
watch this video and learn more about this topic
Three times as many women as men are afflicted, according to the foundation, which funds research and provides medical resources for patients. Migraines tend to run in families. Both Calderone's 21-year-old daughter and his niece have them. Attacks can last between four and 72 hours and may include nausea, vomiting, as well as extreme sensitivity to sound, light, touch and smell. Tingling or numbness can also occur in the extremities or face.

But now, plastic surgeons, many of whom have been trained under Guyuron, are offering nerve decompression surgery. He theorizes that 90 percent of all migraines are caused by irritation of the peripheral branches of the trigeminal nerve. Guyuron first discovered the connection between migraine and nerve compression by muscles, vessels and bone 12 years ago."A surgeon's wife had a forehead lift and came for a follow-up with me," he said. "She told me she was not only happy with the way she looked, but she hadn't had a migraine for the previous six months."
"I thought it was a coincidence, but another patient told me the same thing," said Guyuron. So he investigated 314 patients who had undergone forehead lifts over the previous decade, revealing that 31 of 39 who reported migraine headaches saw "significant improvement." "That was the beginning," he said.

A Guyuron-led study published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in 2009, found that nearly 85 percent of patients who underwent the nerve decompression surgery had a 50 percent reduction in migraine.
His work suggests that migraine arises from irritation in the nerves, which releases toxins and begins a "cascade of events that end up being a full-blown migraine in the head." According to Guyuron, there are four common trigger points on the face and four less common ones. Most are on the forehead, temple, back of the head and behind the eyes."Each one has a different mechanism and reason for the nerves being irritated, and we have developed a surgical technique for each trigger," he said.
botulinum toxins effective migraine treatment
Plastic Surgeons Try Botox First

Surgery is done on an outpatient basis and lasts about 45 minutes to an hour for each trigger point that is deactivated. In three out of four cases, it is a muscle that is compressing the nerve, though it can be bone or even the cartilage of a deviated septum. Guyuron first tests a patient with Botox, which paralyzes the muscle, to see if it has a positive effect. "If they respond to Botox, I know they will respond to surgery well," he said. 

For Calderone, Botox injected above his left eyebrow and it had a remarkable effect. "It would stop it for three or four months, then the migraines would begin again," said Calderone. "But it was still better than getting them every day." But after three years, he decided to look to a more permanent treatment. 
Calderone paid $10,000 out of pocket for his surgery, but he estimates he was spending nearly as much on Botox, injections and medications.
Guyuron operated on the muscle across his nose. "In three and a half years, I haven't gotten a migraine, just tension headaches." "I can now tell you what a tension headache is -- and it's nothing. And a sinus infection -- nothing," he said. "It doesn't progress."
Guyuron said most patients, like Calderone, have found that medications don't work or they are unhappy with side effects. 

But Cathy Glaser, a retired lawyer and founder of the Migraine Research Foundation, said she is not convinced surgery is a cure-all for migraines."It's a very complex disease and there are difference kinds of migraines and we don't know the cause," she said. Nerve decompression is only one of about five different surgical techniques from repairing a hole in the heart to implanting electrodes to stimulate the nerves. "Surgical interventions are really an end-of-the-line treatment and not something you are going to do when you are first diagnosed," said Glaser. "It's very extreme and there are side effects." Infection and bleeding can occur, as well as some numbness associated with the surgery that can be long-lasting or permanent. Rarely, minimal hair loss around the incision site can result.
"They go in and open up your head and play with the nerves," said Glaser. "It's a pretty big intervention … You have to be careful when you read the headlines about a cure. But it does help some people." She said studies have been in a population that is small and very selective -- those for whom other therapies have been unsuccessful. Insurance companies are reluctant to cover the procedure while it is still considered somewhat experimental. "The measure of efficacy is different in a lot of studies -- there isn't a gold standard," she said. Causes of migraine can include hormonal fluctuation, particularly in women, and genetic disposition. If one parent has migraine, a child has a 40 percent chance of developing it. With both parents, it rises to 90 percent, according to Glaser. Such was the case with her daughter Samantha, who has had migraines since the age of 3 -- nearly daily since seventh grade.

Samantha Semlitz, 23, of New York City copes with her migraines without surgery. Glaser and her husband began the organization seven years ago when they saw that there was no foundation dedicated to research and a paucity of information. While Samantha was in residential treatment at the Michigan Headache and Neurological Institute, they saw "people of all ages whose lives were destroyed by headaches." Today, Samantha Semlitz is 23 and supports her parents' work. Despite daily pain, she is getting her master's degree in early childhood education at Fordham University and teaches at a school in Harlem. Her headaches build during the day to a crescendo of "throbbing pain" at night. Semlitz is on medication and said she would not consider surgery -- at least not yet. "I have thought about it, but decided against it," she said. "I am not that desperate." "I've had it them so long, I have learned to cope with them," she said. "I haven't known anything different." But she is eager to see more research and helps monitor a Facebook page for the foundation and a group page for those who suffer from migraine. And she continues to work for more research, but understands the challenges in fundraising."It's hard," said Semlitz. "Because people don't die from migraine -- you can't pull out the death card." But she knows how desperate patients are. "You feel completely incapacitated, and feel like you are dying."
Ptosis or droopy sagging eyelids

Migraines and headaches can cause  ptosis (a droopy hanging, sagging eyelid). Ptosis, drooping, sagging,  hooded eyelids can have a major impact on your physical and mental health. Not only is ptosis a cosmetic or aesthetic problem, but can also cause physical symptoms. People with ptosis often look less healthy, sleepy, bored, tired, sad or uninterested. In many cases the lashes constantly irritate the eye, sometimes causing tearing or redness which is very uncomfortable. When the ptosis (sagging or drooping eyelid) is severe, it can even lead to obstructed vision. The result of ptosis is often that the eyebrows are pulled up to reduce the suffering from the hanging upper eyelids. In the course of the day this can become very tiring. The continuous raising of the eyebrows may cause or aggravate frown lines and wrinkles in the forehead. 

For immediate temporary or long-term relief, correction and rejuvenation of ptosis caused by migraines and headaches you can use  Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift.

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is developed and designed to instantly restore droopy,  hooded or sagging eyelids to a more healthy, symmetric and youthful shape. Lily is a nonsurgical, safe, affordable eye lift with sensational visible results without side effects or recovery time in just seconds. Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift provides relief from both cosmetic- and functional problems caused by ptosis, drooping, sagging or  hooded eyelids.

Easy to use

Lily Leading Instant Eye Lift is a thin invisible comfortable high quality medical grade, upper eyelid strip made of silicon, known and used after (plastic) surgery to improve wound healing and reduce the forming of scar tissue. The Lily strips provide the support necessary to lift and shape the sagging upper eyelid skin, resulting in a symmetrical, natural and youthful shape of the eyes, making them look rejuvenated, brightened and healthy, without side effects, surgery and down time in just seconds. Lily comes with a protective and nourishing gel. The gel improves adhesion and makes repositioning of the strips and removal easy without damaging the delicate skin of the upper eyelid. The results are amazing.Visit our  website for more information.
Lily is a product from The Leading Injectable Centers of the World®  Quality in Beauty
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Copyright©2012 LICW. All Rights Reserved. The information provided by LICW is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. All names, logos and servicemarks are registered and/or unregistered trademarks.

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